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The history of the formation of the political and economic elite in the Sverdlovsk region

Nikolay Anatolievich Zhukov

Was born in 1959 in the Sverdlovsk region.

No other information was found about Nikolai Zhukov's stay in the Sverdlovsk region, but Zhukov was closely associated with a group of people who played a significant role in the formation of the elite of the Sverdlovsk region.

Exactly when Nikolai Zhukov moved to Moscow for permanent residence is unknown. The first mentions of his stay in Moscow are found in April 1991.

Nikolay Zhukov is a specialist in the theory of nuclear engineering. As of 2006, Zhukov is mentioned as the head of the "Innovative Technologies" department of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "All-Russian Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering". Zhukov is listed as a co-author of a number of patents related to the design of nuclear reactors. The patents were applied for and published between 2000 and 2006. The team of authors of these patents, together with Zhukov, included:
- Lev Naumovich Falkovsky (employee (head of department) of the All-Russian Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering);
- Gennady Alekseevich Filippov (former director of the All-Russian Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences);
- Evgeny Ivanovich Grishanin (employee of the All-Russian Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering);
- Boris Ilyich Fonarev (Head of the Laboratory of the All-Russian Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering);
- Leonid Mikhailovich Andreev (employee of the All-Russian Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering).

It should be noted that Nikolai Zhukov acted as the sole owner of those patents where he was a co-author, as well as the sole owner of even those patents, of which he was not among the authors, despite the fact that the authors of these patents held a high position at the institute where Zhukov worked (for example , Gennady Filippov, who head-ed the institute from 1978 to 2005). Perhaps the reason for this was that the patents belonged to the department headed by Zhukov. But it is also possible that Zhukov not only participated in research work, but also funded research, which gave him the right to own patents.

The first evidence of Nikolai Zhukov's entrepreneurial activity dates back to 1992, when Zhukov worked in a small enterprise “Jean” (established in 1990) and headed the JSC “Universal Trade House” (presumably founded in 1992). Both organizations were located in Moscow at the address: Leninsky Prospekt, 1, office 514. In addition, the address was indicated on Leninsky Prospekt, 36. The type of activity of the MP "Jean" is unknown. The type of activity of JSC "Universal Trade House" was declared wholesale and retail trade in consumer goods. The founders of the MP "Zhan" and JSC "Universal Trade House" are unknown.

In 1994, AOZT Trading House Universal was registered, and Nikolai Zhukov also became its head.

In 1993-1994 Nikolai Zhukov appears as the head of Volga-Nil CJSC and Rosbalkan CJSC. Both organizations were registered in Moscow at the address: Balchug st., 22. The type of activity is unknown. Among the founders of CJSC Volga-Nil was CJSC Universal Trading House (25% of the authorized capital), and among the founders were the company Avenir, an Ethiopian citizen and a citizen of Sierra Leone. An unidentified citizen of the Russian Federation was indicated as the founder of AOZT Rosbalkan.

There is reason to believe that Volga-Nil and Rosbalkan were associated with the Energia group of companies, the main person of which was the head of the State Enterprise Foreign Trade Firm Energia Gorodkov Sergey Georgievich. In addition to him, among the most influential persons in this group were Alexey Vadimovich Bogoslovsky and Alexander Vladimirovich Lunev. VTF Energia was registered in the city of Elektrostal, Moscow Region, and its activities were closely related to the Machine-Building Plant (Elektrostal, JSC Elemash), which was engaged in the production of fuel elements (TVEL) for nuclear power plants. The firms that are part of the Energia group of companies were engaged in the production of air conditioners (as part of the conversion), as well as the use of sodium sodium salt in medicine, which was originally developed by the Institute of Biophysics of the USSR Ministry of Health for the treatment of patients exposed to radiation. GK Energia was controlled by CJSC Gidroenergostroy, CJSC Oil Company Volganeft and OJSC Saratovneftegeofizika (oilfield services in Central Asia).

Information was published that VTF Energia acted as a co-founder of ONEKSIMbank (11% of the authorized capital), in the creation of which foreign economic structures formed back in the USSR took part. On the basis of ONEKSIMbank, the Interros financial and industrial group (Vladimir Potanin, Mikhail Prokhorov) was created, which the government of Kazakhstan in 1995 gave to the management of the state block of shares of the Ulba holding company, the largest nuclear fuel producer in the CIS.

In addition, GK Energia was controlled by the Research Institute of Semiconductor Mechanical Engineering (NIIPM, Voronezh), which was previously part of NPO Elektronika, one of the largest associations in the USSR in the field of the microelectronic industry. GK Energia owned a controlling stake in NIIPM until 2006. It was until 2006 that Anatoly Aleksandrovich Zhukov was the head of NIIPM. It is possible that the director of NIIPM Anatoly Zhukov could be the father of Nikolai Anatolyevich Zhukov, considered in this article. But the available data on Anatoly Zhukov is not enough to state this with any degree of certainty.

In 2006, the controlling stake in NIIPM became the property of OJSC Zelenograd Innovation and Technology Center, which was established in 1998 with the participation of the leadership of the Moscow State Institute of Electronic Technology. According to available information, through the chain of firms, the main shareholder of the Zelenograd Innovation and Technology Center was the Israeli company ELIMAL L.T.D., whose representative in the Russian Federation was an Israeli citizen Leonid Elimelakh (Leonid Elimelekh). There is reason to believe that in the first half of the 1990s, Leonid Elimelakh was a member of the same group of persons as the top officials of the Energia group of companies.

Israeli company "ELIMAL L.T.D." in the early 2000s, it lit up in the Sverdlovsk region, acting as a shareholder of the Ufimkinsky glass plant (production of beer bottles and glass products for pharmaceuticals). At this time, the plant was controlled by entrepreneurs closely associated with the organized crime group "Center": Gimaev Emzar Rishatovich and Maisel Sergei Gershevich (Maisel Sergei Grigorievich). Of particular interest in this case is Sergei Maisel, who in the mid-1990s was one of the founders of a number of firms together with the leaders of the OCG "Center" and was probably one of their trustees, and in the second half of the 1990s he became right by the hand of Alexander Kruk, who formally belonged to the leaders of the Uralmash organized crime group. In 2000, Kruk was found dead, and, according to one of the versions, he could have been killed by his associates from the Uralmash organized crime group. In this case, it is interesting that Alexander Kruk allegedly acted in the interests of Iskandar Makhmudov, who in turn was closely associated with the Chernoi brothers and the international corporation "Glencore".

There is reason to believe that the Energia group of companies was associated with this group of persons. For example, in 1999 it was reported that the Yekaterinburg Commercial and Industrial Company, controlled by the Yekaterinburg businessman Igor Altushkin, acquired 54% of the shares of the Sredneuralsk copper smelting plant from the Glencore corporation. The addresses of the firms that owned the shares on behalf of Glencore coincided with the addresses of the firms controlled by the Energia group of companies.

A certain Leonid Elimelech was mentioned as a representative of the Israeli pharmaceutical company MPC-TASHFARM, which operated in the capital of Uzbekistan, Tashkent. It should be noted that the brothers Chernoi and Iskandar Makhmudov are natives of Uzbekistan. In addition, the firms of the Energia group of companies in Moscow had, albeit a weak, connection with the Uzbek "authoritative" entrepreneur Salim Abduvaliev, who, presumably, was associated with the brothers Chernoi. According to some Israeli entrepreneurs, Salim Abduvaliev was one of the main patrons of Israeli entrepreneurs in Uzbekistan.

In 1995, CJSC Investment Company Leasinginvest was established, with Nikolai Zhukov as its president. The founders of CJSC IC Leasinginvest included AOZT Trading House Universal, Nikolai Zhukov, and Zhukov's proxies: Zinovyeva Elena Fedorovna (possibly Zhukov's wife) and Manakova Lyudmila Anatolyevna.

The company had to invest in the development of the Russian energy industry. Presumably, the company's activities were associated with the Podolsk Chemical and Metallurgical Plant, which produced silicon wafers for the microelectronic industry. In the 1990s, due to the crisis in domestic microelectronics, the plant reoriented to the production of silicon wafers for solar energy. In the second half of the 1990s, Nikolai Zhukov was one of the shareholders and members of the company's board of directors.

IC "Leasinginvest" was registered in Moscow at the address: Butyrskiy Val st., 1, board room. At the same address, at the same time, firms controlled by the aforemen-tioned Energia group of companies, as well as firms controlled by influential members of the Assyrian diaspora in Moscow, were registered. One of these representatives of the Assyrian diaspora was Khoshaba (Khoshabaev) Nugzar Piruzovich (aka Tsiklauri Nugzar Piruzovich, aka Petrov Nugzar Piruzovich). On the basis of these companies, controlled by the multifaceted Nugzar Piruzovich, a large network of petrol stations "NeftMagistral" was created, which as of 2014 consisted of about 70 petrol stations in Moscow and the Moscow region. As noted above, the Energia group of companies controlled the Volganeft oil company and the Saratovneftegeofizika oil service company, which could become the basis for cooperation with the Assyrian group of companies that controlled the filling station network. It should be noted that the Energia group of companies controlled the Volganeft company jointly with the LUKoil oil company, while the aforementioned network of Assyrian filling stations can be traced back to the LUKoil structures. However, no evidence of any interaction between the Energia group of companies and Nikolai Zhukov with the Assyrian was found.

According to available information, Nikolai Zhukov was related to ZAO Surgutinvestneft, which was the holder of the register of shareholders of OAO Surgutneftegaz. However, what was the role of Zhukov in the activities of CJSC "Surgutinvestneft" could not be clarified.

In 1999, Nikolai Zhukov with partners (Alexander Petrovich Andreev, Alexander Sergeevich Manakov) founded the Regional Charitable Public Foundation "Energy of Progress". The fund was headed by the Deputy General Director of the Podolsk Chemical and Metallurgical Plant, Alexander Petrovich Andreev.

In 2000, the companies controlled by Soyuzkontrakt-holding LLC became the shareholders of the Podolsk Chemical and Metallurgical Plant. According to available in-formation, the Soyuzcontract holding was controlled by Sergei Nikolayevich Popov, who appeared in Internet sources as one of the leaders of the Podolsk organized criminal group. During the trials in Great Britain, information was announced that Sergei Popov, together with the leader of the Izmaylovskaya organized criminal group, Anton Malevsky, "covered" the business of the Chernoi brothers and Iskandar Makhmudov. It was mentioned above that the Energia group of companies, with which Nikolai Zhukov was associated, in turn, presumably, was associated with the structures of the Chernoi brothers and Makhmudov. The Podolsk chemical and metallurgical plant was supposed to be of interest to the Podolsk organized criminal group until 2000, due to the fact that they were located on the same territory. It is possible that the interests of the Podolsk organized criminal group at the plant were represented by Nikolai Zhukov, and in 2000 the leaders of the organized criminal group decided to legalize their capital, officially becoming one of the plant's share-holders. The top officials of the Soyuzkontrakt holding - Sergei Popov and US citizen Sergei Moiseevich Efros (vice president of the holding) - became members of the board of directors of the Podolsk plant.

How exactly the relationship between Nikolai Zhukov and the Podolsk-Izmailovo authorities was established is unknown. It should be noted that the father of Anton Malevsky, Shteinberg Viktor Vladimirovich, is an expert in the field of geological exploration, was engaged in the search for uranium deposits in China, and in the 1980s and early 1990s he worked on the problems of seismic hazards for nuclear power plants. And Nikolai Zhukov is a specialist in the theory of nuclear engineering (design of nuclear reactors).

Information was published on the Internet that Nikolay Zhukov allegedly owned 50% of the authorized capital of the offshore companies Cipronavus Limited and Cipropubliko Limited (Kipronavus Limited and Kipropubliko Limited), which were registered in Cyprus at the same address, according to which the company "Kashima Holding Limited" was registered, which established LLC "Soyuzcontract-holding". It was reported that, according to the Dun & Bradstreet agency, Kashima Holding Limited was a subsidiary of Blond Investment Corp, owned by the Chernoi brothers. The companies Sipronavus and Sipropubliko owned shares of the Podolsk Chemical and Metallurgical Plant, and also represented the interests of the Soyuzkontrakt holding in other business projects, for example, when purchasing a stake in the Bulgarian company Bulgartabak. Unfortunately, now information about Zhukov's ownership of the companies "Cipronavus Limited" and "Cipropubliko Limited" cannot be found on the Internet and it is not possible to assess the reliability of the source of information.

According to the same source, Nikolai Zhukov, allegedly, was the owner of 100% of the authorized capital of the Commonwealth Trust Limited, a trust company registered in the British Virgin Islands. The company gained particular prominence in 2013 with the publication of a study by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). According to the journalists of this organization, Commonwealth Trust Limited constantly violated the laws on money laundering and among the clients of this company there were many firms that launder money obtained in the course of criminal activities, including the corrupt income of high-ranking civil servants. ICIJ reporters identified Cana-dian entrepreneur Thomas Ward as the main owner of Commonwealth Trust Limited. However, there is reason to suspect that the roots of this company are in Russia, sur-rounded by the former Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Oleg Lobov. Although there is no direct evidence for this version.

In 2001, with the participation of Nikolai Zhukov and the RBOF "Energy of Progress" controlled by him, LLC "Information and Consulting Firm" Leasing-Invest IK "was established. The firm was accredited by the Federal Energy Commission of the Russian Federation and conducted audits of Russian energy companies for the establishment of electricity tariffs.

Information was published that Nikolai Zhukov, as the head of the Leasing-Invest investment company, headed a delegation of representatives of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, RAO "UES of Russia", the Federal Energy Commission, as well as a number of leading Russian regional power plants in the United States to participate in Russian-American consultations on the role of foreign investment in the modernization of the energy sector in Russia. It should be noted that in 2001 the Federal Energy Commission of the Russian Federation was headed by Georgy Kutovoy, who had previously been Deputy FEC and Vice President of Rosenergoatom Concern.

In 2002, the International Russian-American Institute for the Problems of Regulation of Natural Monopolies and Resource Saving (MRAI PREMIR) was established. The founders of this organization on the Russian side were the Institute for Advanced Studies of Civil Servants under the President of the Russian Federation (IPKgosluzhbu), the Federal Energy Commission of the Russian Federation and the RBOF "Energy of Progress", established by Nikolai Zhukov. Less representative organizations acted as foreign partners:
- "PATENT TRANSLATION & CONSULTING SERVICES" - an American company that translated patents into English from Japanese and Russian. The firm consisted, presumably, of one employee of Russian origin (Alexander Shkolnik);
- COMPANY "INTERNATIONAL RESOURCES GROUP LTD" - an offshore company registered in the state of Delaware (USA);
- the company "Rank Corporation International" (RCI (Consultancy)) - a consulting company from the UK, led by a native of Ukraine Lyubov Shepard. It was stated that the company held seminars all over the world, but in reality the company mainly operated in the CIS;
- the company "Lising Invest USA" - registered in Las Vegas (USA), type of activity - tourism. The name of the company clearly points to Nikolai Zhukov.

From 2002 to 2004, the management of MRAI PREMIR was carried out by Nikolai Zhukov and his proxies (Elena Fedorovna Zinovyeva, Valery Alexandrovich Ovseichuk, Alexander Petrovich Andreev). The main role in establishing contact between Zhukov and the leadership of the FEC of the Russian Federation and the IPK of the state service was probably played by Valery Ovseichuk, who worked at the IPK of the state service and had a significant weight in the energy sector of Russia. Valery Ovseichuk has worked for a long time in the electric power industry in the Sverdlovsk region and Kazakhstan. Until 2003, Ovseichuk worked in the Federal Tariff Service of the Russian Federation and dealt with the problems of setting tariffs for the services of natural monopolies.

In 2002, Nikolai Zhukov and Valery Ovseichuk, as heads of the MRAI PREMIR, together with the head of the Federal Energy Commission of the Russian Federation, Georgy Kutov, took part in the work of the US national energy summit in order to exchange information between the FEC of the Russian Federation and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) of the United States.

Among the tasks of MRAI PREMIR was the attraction of foreign investment to finance energy projects in the Russian Federation.

In 2003 Nikolay Zhukov left the founders of LLC IKF Leasing-Invest IK. The reason for this was probably the too close relationship of Leasing-Invest with MRAI PREMIR, and Zhukov thus decided to avoid accusations of lobbying for the interests of Leasing-Invest, being in the management of MRAI PREMIR.

In 2004, a conflict began between Georgy Kutov and Nikolai Zhukov. Presumably, it was due to the fact that Kutovoy retired from the post of head of the FEC of the Russian Federation, headed the IPK of the state service and decided that the post of head of MRAI PREMIR would be a good addition to his pension. One way or another, but the cooperation of Nikolai Zhukov with the Federal Energy Commission, apparently, stopped, and the Russian-American Institute lost its significance. Kutovoy nevertheless headed the institute, but there was no more information about international contacts of the institute of information.

In 2003, with the participation of Nikolai Zhukov, Energia Progress LLC was created. The founders of this company included the former deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation Nikolai Nikolayevich Savelyev, who in the past served in the central apparatus of the Ministry of Defense - he headed the department that determined the production and scientific activities of the design institutes of the Ministry of Defense.

In 2007, Nikolai Zhukov established Hi-Tech Info Corporation and Mayak 7 CJSC.

In 2008, as President of the Hi-Tech Info corporation, Zhukov took part in the Russian-American Pacific Partnership bilateral forum held in the United States. It was re-ported that the forum was attended by about 100 representatives of government agencies, business and academic circles from five regions of the Russian Far East, Siberia and Moscow, five US states, as well as the city of Washington (District of Columbia).

In addition, according to data for 2008, Zhukov, as CEO of the Hi-Tech Info corporation, was a member of the Expert Council on legislation on public-private partnership of the State Duma Committee on Economic Policy and Entrepreneurship.

Date of information update: 2015.