The history of the formation of the political and economic elite in the Sverdlovsk region

Center for Scientific and Technical Creativity of Youth "Sverdlovsk"
(CSTCY "Sverdlovsk, Center STCY "Sverdlovsk")

In 1987, the Central Committee of the CPSU supported the proposal of the Central Committee of the Komsomol to create in the country a unified social and state system of scientific and technical creativity of young people. It was assumed that STCY centers would help to involve the broad masses in the introduction of scientific and technical developments, just as the cooperative movement was supposed to involve the broad masses in the production of consumer goods.

The STCY centers received the right to form temporary creative teams from among highly qualified specialists to fulfill the tasks of the center's customers. It was reported that STCY centers received the right to direct up to 70% of their profits to pay for these specialists. State-owned enterprises did not have such rights. As a result, STCY centers have become not so much centers for the implementation of scientific and technical developments as centers for pumping out funds from state-owned enterprises with the active support of the leaders of these enterprises.

The charter of CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" was approved by the decision of the Sverdlovsk City Executive Committee on June 10, 1987. This date should be considered the date of the official establishment of the CSTCY "Sverdlovsk". CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" was the first center of STCY, created in the Sverdlovsk region.

The Ural Polytechnic Institute (UPI), which was supervised by the authorities of the Kirovsky district of Sverdlovsk. , provided active support to the creation of the Sverdlovsk CSTCY. Accordingly, the influential organizations of the Kirovsky district became the first business partners of the CSTCY "Sverdlovsk": the UPI, the institutes of the Ural branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the Kirovsky district committee of the CPSU. In addition, the first partners of CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" were the regional department of vocational technical education, Glavsreduralstroy (an organization from which people were in charge of the Sverdlovsk region from 1976 to 2009) and the Youth Housing Complex - 4 (MZHK-4 was organized with the participation of senior executives of one of the largest enterprises Sverdlovsk - NPO Avtomatika, Vladimir Georgievich Tungusov took part in the organization of MZhK-4, who in 1997 became the deputy head of Yekaterinburg and was called in many media the “gray eminence” of Yekaterinburg).

As of October 1987 1987 (4 months after its creation), Sverdlovsk CSTCY managed to involve more than 500 specialists in the work, having concluded contracts worth more than 500 thousand rubles.

The deputy head of the laboratory of the Ural Research Institute of Ferrous Metals, Valery Viktorovich Skripchenko, was approved as the director of the Sverdlovsk Center for Science and Technology Technologies. Valery Skripchenko concurrently became the chairman of the All-Union Board of Directors of STCY Centers (as of 1989), in 1990 he was elected People's Deputy of the RSFSR, Deputy of the Sverdlovsk Regional Council of People's Deputies and Deputy Chairman of the Sverdlovsk City Executive Committee.

Yuri Evgenievich Samarin, who in 1990 became the head of the Sverdlovsk City Council of People's Deputies, was an employee of the Sverdlovsk branch at the Kalinin Machine-Building Plant.

On the basis of the UPI newspaper "For Industrial Personnel", a printed edition of the CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" - "Vestnik STCY" was created. The editor of Vestnik STCY was Larisa Pavlovna Mishustina, who in 1990 was elected a people's deputy of the RSFSR, in 1993 - a deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, and in 2000 was appointed an assistant to the president of the Russian Federation. In July 1989, by agreement with the party committee of the UPI and CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" on the basis of "Vestnik STCY", the issue of "Tribune" began to be published, which was declared as a newspaper of the USSR people's deputies from the Sverdlovsk region, elected in March 1989. . In reality, the "Tribune" became the voice of only that part of the deputies who were in opposition to the CPSU and became part of the Interregional Deputy Group (MDG). From the Sverdlovsk region, the most influential members of the MDG were deputies Gennady Eduardovich Burbulis and Vladimir Anatolyevich Volkov, who were elected from the Democratic Choice movement, which enjoyed the support of Valery Skripchenko, director of the Sverdlovsk CSTCY. However, the most famous resident of Sverdlovsk who entered the leadership of the MDG was Boris Yeltsin, who was elected in the Moscow constituency in these elections, but actively enjoyed the support of his fellow countrymen. It was argued that the release of "Tribune" was in demand not only in Sverdlovsk, but also in Moscow.

One of the main competitors of CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" was the youth enterprise "KENPO", which, like CSTCY "Sverdlovsk", was organized with the active participation of UPI. The relationship between the CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" and the small enterprise "KENPO" could probably be described as friendly rivalry.

With the participation of CSTCY "Sverdlovsk" in 1989, the first commercial bank of the Sverdlovsk region was organized - "Sverdlovsk Commercial Bank for Social and Economic Development of the Territory" ("KUB-Bank").

In December 1989, the Sverdlovsk City Executive Committee decided to create a research and production complex for the economic and social development of the territory within the framework of the Sverdlovsk Central Scientific and Technical Museum. It was supposed to be used as a production and organizational base for the formation of a municipal economy subordinate to local councils, which has a priority orientation towards the development of the social sphere. It was not possible to obtain data on the results of the operation of this complex.

Date of information update - 2016.