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The history of the formation of the political and economic elite in the Sverdlovsk region

Valery Viktorovich Skripchenko

Valery Viktorovich Skripchenko was born on February 14, 1952 in the Fedorovsky district of the Kostanay region of the Kazakh SSR.

Father is a combine technician-agronomist, mother is a rationing accountant.

In 1975 he graduated from the Faculty of Physics of the Ural State University with a degree in Physics of Magnetic Phenomena. During his studies he was the commander of the student construction brigade "Optimist".

From 1975 to 1978 he worked as a senior engineer at the Ural Center for Metrology and Standardization.

1978-1982 - senior engineer, chief metrologist of the Uralchermet PMO.

1982-1987 - Research Fellow, Deputy Head of the Laboratory of the Ural Research Institute of Ferrous Metals.

In 1983-1985 , a team of researchers from the Ural Research Institute of Ferrous Metals under the leadership of Valery Skripchenko developed and implemented a new technology for the production of ferrosilicovanadium at the Kuznetsk Ferroalloy Plant. According to Skripchenko, the effect of the introduction of this technology amounted to 23 million rubles. A film was made about this on Sverdlovsk television. The film was watched by the chairman of the Sverdlovsk regional executive committee Oleg Lobov, who met with Valery Skripchenko and instructed his deputy to assist in the implementation of Skripchenko's plans.

In 1986, Valery Skripchenko was engaged in the development of the regulatory framework for the centers of scientific and technical creativity of youth (CSTCY).

At the beginning of 1987, the chief editor of youth programs of the Central Television of the USSR, Eduard Sagalaev, came to Sverdlovsk, who met with Valery Skripchenko and invited him to Moscow. According to Skripchenko, this trip contributed to the fact that in March 1987 the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR Nikolai Ryzhkov approved the resolution "On STCY Centers", which was being prepared by the Central Committee of the Komsomol.

In 1987, Valery Skripchenko was approved as the director of the Sverdlovsk STCY Center, which was created with the active participation of the Ural Polytechnic Institute (UPI) and the Kirov District Committee of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League of Sverdlovsk.

As of 1989, Valery Skripchenko was concurrently chairman of the All-Union Board of Directors of STCY Centers.

In 1989, on the initiative of Valery Skripchenko, the first commercial bank of the Sverdlovsk region was organized - the Sverdlovsk Commercial Bank for Social and Economic Development of the Territory (KUB-Bank). One of its founders was the Sverdlovsk CSTCY headed by Skripchenko.

In 1989, Valery Skripchenko actively supported the activities of the Democratic Choice movement. The Sverdlovsk CSTCY CSTCY headed by Skripchenko organized information support for the disgraced Boris Yeltsin and the USSR People's Deputies Gennady Burbulis and Vladimir Volkov, elected in 1989 from the Democratic Choice movement, who were included in the Interregional Deputy Group of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR, which was in opposition to the conservative wing Central Commit-tee of the CPSU.

In 1990, Valery Skripchenko was elected a people's deputy of the RSFSR from the Democratic Choice movement, as well as a deputy of the Sverdlovsk Regional Council of People's Deputies.

In 1990, Valery Skripchenko was nominated for the position of chairman of the Sverdlovsk city executive committee, presumably with the support of the chairman of the Sverdlovsk city council of people's deputies Yuri Samarin, who in the past was a representative of the Sverdlovsk CSTCY at the Kalinin Machine-Building Plant. As a result of a stubborn struggle, the representative of the "democratic forces" Valery Skripchenko was defeated and was only approved by the deputy chairman of the Sverdlovsk city executive committee. Yuri Novikov, a representative of the former bureaucratic apparatus, was approved as chairman of the city executive committee. It was argued that one of the main arguments against the approval of Valery Skripchenko was his excessive workload as a deputy in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR and the Sverdlovsk Regional Council of People's Deputies.

Until 1992, Valery Skripchenko combined the work of a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, the Sverdlovsk Regional Council of People's Deputies and the Deputy City Executive Committee of Sverdlovsk, constantly moving between Sverdlovsk and Moscow.

According to Skripchenko, it was he who, while working in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, convinced Boris Yeltsin that the Central Bank of Russia should become independent of the Russian government and report only to the Supreme Soviet.

In 1990, when the privatization of state banks of the USSR began, a working group was created with the participation of Valery Skripchenko to prepare a resolution of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR "On Russian banks", which was designed to intercept the initiative of privatization of state banks from the leadership of the USSR. The resolution was adopted on July 13, 1990. As a result of the flared up conflict between the leadership of the USSR, on the one hand, and the leadership of the RSFSR, on the other, according to Valery Skripchenko, a compromise solution was made that suited both sides. Unfortunately, Valery Skripchenko does not describe the essence of this decision in his memoirs.

Valery Skripchenko was not an expert in banking and in making decisions was guided by the opinion of familiar specialists, in particular, the head of the Sverdlovsk regional department of the State Bank of the USSR Sergei Vasilyevich Sorvin, who actively collaborated with Valery Skripchenko when creating the first Sverdlovsk commercial bank - KUB-bank. When creating the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, Skripchenko proposed Sorvin for the post of chairman of the Central Bank, but it did not work out.

At the beginning of 1992, Valery Skripchenko began working on a permanent basis in the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, took the position of Deputy Chairman of the Commission on Budget, Plans, Taxes and Prices of the Council of the Republic. Valery Skripchenko initiated the creation of a subcommittee on banks of this Commission. Became a member of the Banking Subcommittee and also a member of the Precious Stones and Metals Subcommittee.

Valery Skripchenko was a member of the Smena (New Politics) faction.

In 1992, Valery Skripchenko criticized the economic reforms of the Russian government, calling them not reforms, but “collapse”.

Judging by the recollections of Valery Skripchenko, during this period of time he was much closer to the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation Ruslan Khasbulatov than to the Secretary of State of the Russian Federation Gennady Burbulis, a personal conflict between whom, perhaps, was one of the reasons why the confrontation between the President and the Parliament of the Russian Federation was not managed to overcome without bloodshed. Burbulis, like Skripchenko, was from Sverdlovsk. Skripchenko was elected a People's Deputy of Russia from the Democratic Choice movement, the creator of which was Burbulis. Nevertheless, Skripchenko was more focused on Khasbulatov than on Burbulis. Perhaps the reason for this was that Skripchenko enjoyed the support of another resident of Sverdlovsk surrounded by Boris Yeltsin – the moderate conservative Oleg Lobov, who was in conflict with a group of "radical liberal economists" (Yegor Gaidar, Anatoly Chubais), who came to the Russian government with the help of Gennady Burbulis.

Perhaps Oleg Lobov connections in the military-industrial complex, in particular, in the aircraft industry, could become the reason that Valery Skripchenko in 1992 took part in solving problematic issues of the MAPO "MiG". With the participation of Skripchenko, a commercial "MAPO-Bank" was created to finance the modernization of MiG aircraft and ensure their export. Since the activities of MAPO-Bank were related to the export of weapons, high-ranking officials of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, who oversaw the activities of the state company Rosvooruzhenie, which was a monopoly in the export of weapons, took an active part in the creation of the bank. The state company Rosvooruzhenie was formally controlled by the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations of the Russian Federation, which was headed by the representative of the "radical liberal economists" Pyotr Aven. When a conflict broke out between the ministry and the Rosvooruzhenie company, Valery Skripchenko proposed creating a commission of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation to check the activities of the ministry of foreign economic relations. As a result, a commission was created to control the use of foreign exchange funds and foreign loans, chaired by Valery Skripchenko. In this position, Skripchenko defended the interests of the state company Rosvooruzheniye in a conflict with the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, to which Rosvooruzhenie was formally subordinate, and also advocated removing the Committee on Precious Stones and Metals from the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation. It should be noted that Roskomdragmet was controlled by immigrants from Sverdlovsk, who could well belong to the same group of influence as the leadership of Rosvooruzheniye, whose representative in the top leadership of the country was Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Oleg Lobov. The Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and the Ministry of Finance, in turn, were controlled by a rival influence group.

In June-July 1993, Valery Skripchenko strongly opposed the declaration of the Sverdlovsk region as the Ural Republic, arguing that this could lead to the final disintegration of Russia. Nevertheless, the regional Council of People's Deputies approved the initiative of the head of the Sverdlovsk region administration, Eduard Rossel, to grant the Sverdlovsk region the status of a republic in order to increase the region's economic independence.

In October 1993, during a violent confrontation between the President and the Parliament of the Russian Federation, Valery Skripchenko was in the building of the House of Soviets, that is, he could be ranked among the supporters of the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation Ruslan Khasbulatov and Vice President of the Russian Federation Alexander Rutskoy - opponents of the President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin.

After the liquidation of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, Valery Skripchenko moved to work in the Committee for Gems and Metals of the Russian Federation as the head of the scientific and technical department. There were many residents of Sverdlovsk in the leadership of Roskomdragmet, who probably contributed to the appointment of Skripchenko. So the chairman of Roskomdragmet was the former director of the Sverdlovsk non-ferrous metal processing plant Yevgeny Bychkov, and his deputy was the former chairman of the KGB department for the Sverdlovsk region, Yuri Kornilov.

In 1996, another scandal related to possible machinations of members of Roskomdragmet cost Evgeny Bychkov the post of chairman of Roskomdragmet. Information was published that Valery Skripchenko could contribute to the development of this scandal, who supposedly hoped to take the post of deputy chairman of Roskomdragmet. According to Skripchenko, not only the leadership of Roskomdragmet, but also former high-ranking members of the Russian government, in particular Yegor Gaidar, could be involved in the fraud with precious stones. It is quite possible that the scandal, in fact, was initiated by persons close to Gaidar and who were in charge of the RF Ministry of Finance. These people could not gain control over Roskomdragmet, which was formally subordinate to the Ministry of Finance, but in reality was controlled by a rival group of influence. Skripchenko, on the other hand, shifted attention from those who in reality stood behind the leadership of Roskomdragmet ("conservative siloviki"), to those to whom Roskomdragmet obeyed only on paper ("radical liberals").

In the book by Alexander Maksimov, "Bandits in White Collar", it was mentioned that Lieutenant-General of Police Bogdanov Pyotr Stepanovich, who until 1991 headed the Main Internal Affairs Directorate of Moscow, could be involved in this scam in Roskomdragmet.

In 1996, Valery Skripchenko left Roskomdragmet and took the position of deputy chairman of the board of MAPO-Bank, in the creation of which Skripchenko took part in 1992-1993. In 1995, a department of precious metals was created in MAPO-Bank, and Valery Skripchenko, with his experience in Roskomdragmet, oversaw the bank's projects in this area, in particular, gold mining in Buryatia.

Valery Skripchenko acted as a co-author of a patent for the heap leaching technology, which was used in gold mining in Buryatia. Subsequently, Skripchenko became one of the founders of commercial firms in Buryatia engaged in gold mining: Artel of Prospectors Enthusiasts LLC and Karalon-Mining LLC. Among the co-founders of these firms were the heads of one of the oldest gold mining organizations in Yakutia (the Amga miners' artel). In 2006, the Amalgama Gold Industrial Company LLC was established in Moscow. The founders of the company included the aforementioned gold mining companies: Artel of Prospectors of Enthusiasts LLC, Karalon-Mining LLC, Production Cooperative Amga Prospectors' Artel.

In 1998, Valery Skripchenko took over as president of the Diamond Technologies Association, a non-profit organization. The Association was founded in February 1998 by a number of state-owned enterprises, among which was the State Unitary Enterprise “Research and Production Enterprise“ Volna ”, an enterprise of the military-industrial complex, in the building of which the Diamond Technologies Association was located in Moscow.

From 1999 to 2004, Valeriy Skripchenko worked in the companies Produkty Pitaniya SNG and Produkty Pitaniya Nuova LLC. These firms were part of the Foodstuffs group of companies, whose main owner was Stefano Vlahovic, an Italian citizen of Croatian origin. Until 1998, Vlakhovich headed the Russian representative office of the world's largest chicken producer, the American company Tyson Foods. In the first half of the 1990s, the main importer of Tyson Foods products in Russia was the Soyuzkontrakt company, one of the leaders of which was Sergei Nikolayevich Popov, who appeared in the media as one of the leaders of the Podolsk organized criminal group. In the mid-1990s, Tyson Foods opened its own representative office in Moscow, and in the second half of the 1990s, the head of the representative office, Stefano Vlahovich, created his own company, Foodstuffs. Despite the fact that the company's own production facilities were located in the Kaliningrad region, its main office was located in Moscow at the same address as the representative office of Tyson Foods. Researchers at Tyson Foods noted that the company preferred to create formally independent, but in fact, subsidiaries in the consumer countries of its products, which allegedly sold their products, although the raw materials for it were supplied by Tyson Foods. This made it possible to hide the facts of the use of genetically modified products, as well as create the illusion of developing their own agricultural production in consumer countries, which added political points to the leadership of these countries, which in turn gave the green light to the activities of Tyson Foods.

Until 2008, the main legal entity of Stefano Vlakhovich's company, Produkty Pitaniya Holding, belonged to an offshore company from the British Virgin Islands, Portex Ventures Corp., which was registered by the Commonwealth Trust Limited. There is reason to believe that this trust company could have been created with the participation of high-ranking Russian civil servants from the circle of the former secretary of the Russian Security Council Oleg Lobov. In addition, information was published that the owner of Commonwealth Trust Limited is allegedly entrepreneur Nikolai Anatolyevich Zhukov, who was closely associated with the management of Soyuzcontract, the main partner of Tyson Foods in Russia. Perhaps this is a coincidence. However, it is possible that the Produkty Pitaniya group of companies was controlled by persons close to Oleg Lobov's entourage, which allowed Valery Skripchenko to find a job in this company, since Skripchenko himself once enjoyed Lobov's patronage.

According to unconfirmed information, Lieutenant General of the Police Alexander Ivanovich Gurov, who until 1991 headed the Sixth Main Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs for Combating Organized Crime, was associated with the group of persons who controlled the Foodstuffs company, and in 1999 became one of the leaders of the newly created movement "Unity", from which later grew the party "United Russia".

Valery Skripchenko was married, had a son and a daughter.

Valery Skripchenko died in 2006.

Date of information update - 2018.